From the time of Ikshvaku to that of Pandu Vedic Dharm guided the lives and activities of the people of India. There was peace, plenty and contentment everywhere. King Ashwapati proclaimed before the learned Brahamans who had come to discuss Branm-Vidya that there was no thief, no mister, no drunkard, no man without fire of worship, none without knowledge of truth, none who was a debauch, and no women of unchaste character (Chandogya up : 5-11-5).
In this ever-changing world nothing can maintain itself in a high state. After a period of higher development in a high state. After a period of higher development in science, art and philosophy a period of decreptitude and decay always follows. Nearly one thousand years before the Mahabharta war the seeds of degeneration began to be sown. Gradually seeds began to grow till in the fullness of time their fruits dropped a curtain on the great civilization of India in the shape of Mahabharata War.
After this great war learned brahmans ceased to exist and their places were taken up by selfish peoples who began to play loose and fast with the vedic texts in order to subserve their ends. Animals and even men began to be sacrificed in the Yagnas to propitiate false gods and goddesses. People fell into a deep ditch of ignorance and indolence. This state of affairs continued for a very long time inspite of the attempts made by reformers like Mahavir , Budha, Shankeracharya to rouse the people from their deep slumber of centuries. India, at last, fell before the mighty force of Islam and became a slave country. In the middle of the ninteenth century , Britishers who had originally come as traders in India, snatched power and became rulers of India.
It was in the year 1824 that Mool Shanker was born in the house of a Brahaman in Kathiawar. He left the house of his parents at the young age of 22 in search of Lord Shiva, the Controller of the Universe. After purifying himself in the furnace of Brahmacharya and after drinking deep the vedic lore (education) from his guru Swami Virjanand, Swami Dayanand (formerly Mool Shanker) appeared on the scene of India. He was a great vedic seer, an ardent believer of God, a formidable artisan in Gods workshop , a master sculpture, a crusader against evil and ignorance, a relentless reformer and a champion of the cause of the depressed, the widows and the cows.
“BACK TO THE VEDAS” was the clarion call given by Swami Dayananda.
Shri Arvindoo said that “ Amongst the galaxy of Indian seers, saints and saviours, Swami Dayananda stands out by himself with peculiar and solitary distinction unique in type, work and achievement.”