Purpose of Knowledge
Purpose of Knowledge
The purpose of knowledge, even of the material one is to attain immortality. In Vedic philosophy, acquirement of knowledge without purpose is not prescribed. In Swami Dayanand’s view, the right knowledge is one which leads to right conduct of life. Knowledge must be transcribed into the dealings of life which is aimed at to attain the emancipation as its final goal. But it must be remembered that, according to Swami Dayananda, the ultimate aim of knowledge is not to become all-knowing which is really an improbable probability. One should only aim at the purpose, and if one has realised God in all the phenomena of the universe, he has gained sufficiently to acquire the great bliss.
The facts regarding intuition and the idea of the absolute have been properly and expressly revealed in the previous chapters. They need not be dealt with here again.
To sum up, in the matter of theory of knowledge we have to say that the founder of Arya Samaj synthesises the essentials of various doctrines. He is not sceptic. He does not refute realism as of Aristotle and others which means systematisation and co-ordination of the diversities of the nature without attempting to explain them. He believes in the real coherence of the objects perceived, and mind, the perceiver. In methods of acquirement of knowledge, he is a pragmatist also because, he thinks that the world is presided over by laws and principles, which can be studies by observations, by the processes of induction and deduction, that is by the so-called scientific method. He believes in the absolutism also so long as it does not stand against realism.
It may transcend realism but not contradicted. To him, the Absolute means the all-embracing principles. It does not reduce the world to a chaos. The absolute is the law of laws, and knowing the absolute means knowing God.
This is the theory of knowledge which Swami Dayananda gave to his Arya Samaj. Arya Samaj stands by it in its letter and spirit both.