Hridaya – Heart in the Vedas

Hridaya – Ancient Indian Cardiology Science

 Hridaya is a Vedic term which means heart. In Atharva (10.9.15 and 10.2.26) and in many other places we find the reference of hridayam. What is this Hridayam ? Says Yajnavalkya in his Shatapatha Brahamana ( explaining the etymological construction of the world – ‘tadetat tryaksa ram etc. i.e. the word hridaya is composed of three letters – the first ‘hri’, the second ‘da’, and the third ‘yam’. Hri means taking over while da means giving. Yam means circulation. It is the hridaya which takes over the blood from all over the body to purify and gives it to the body after purification. It is the third function of hridaya that it circulates the blood throughout the body. Modern history says that it was Mr. Harvey who first invented the theory of the circulation of blood. But here the Shatapatha makes us believe that the said theory was known to Aryans long before and it found a place in the Veda. The Vedic term hridaya is the main source from where the theory came into origination.

हृदय अर्थात् “हृ” = लेना, “द” = देना, “य” = चलना

हृदय = जो सम्पूर्ण शरीर से रक्त को शुद्ध करने के लिए लेता है और उसे शुद्ध करके पुन: सम्पूर्ण शरीर में वितरित कर देता है | यह प्रक्रिया निरंतर निर्बाध रुप से चलती रहती है |

हृदय नाम में ही सम्पूर्ण विज्ञान छुपा हुआ है | यही है संस्कृत व वैदिक संस्कृति की महानता |



*      ( Science In The Vedas )

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